परीक्षा (Exam) – CTET Paper I Primary Level (Class I to V)
भाग (Part) – Part – V (English Language)
परीक्षा आयोजक (Organized) – CBSE
कुल प्रश्न (Number of Question) – 30
परीक्षा तिथि (Exam Date) – July 2013
Directions (Qus. No. 121 to 129): Read the given passage and answer the questions that follow by selecting the most appropriate option.
1. The fossil remains of the first flying vertebrates, the pterosaurs, have intrigued paleontologists for more than two centuries. How such large creatures, which had wingspans from 8 to 12 metres, solved the problems of powered flight, and exactly what these creatures were-reptiles or birds-are among the questions scientists have puzzled over.
2. Perhaps the least controversial assertion about the pterosaurs is that they were reptiles. Their skulls, pelvises and hind feet are reptilian. The anatomy of their wings suggests that they did not evolve into the class of birds. In pterosaurs, a greatly elongated fourth finger of each forelimb supported a wing like membrane. In birds the second finger is the principle strut of the wing. If the pterosaur walked or remained stationary, the fourth finger and with it the wing, could only turn upward in an extended inverted V-shape alongside of the animal’s body. Both the pterosaurs and the birds have hollow bones, a feature that represents a saving in weight. In the birds, however, these bones are reinforced more massively by internal struts.
3. Although scales typically cover reptiles, the pterosaurs probably had hairy coats. The recent discovery of a pterosaur specimen covered in long, dense and relatively thick hair-like fossil material, was the first clear evidence that this reasoning was correct. Efforts to explain how the pterosaurs became air-borne have led to suggestions that they launched themselves by jumping from cliffs, by dropping from trees, or even by rising into light winds from the crests of waves.
121. The skeleton of a pterosaurs can be distinguished from a birds by the
A. size if its wing span.
B. presence of hollow bones.
C. hook-like projections at the hind feet.
D. the anatomy of its wing span.
122. Which is the characteristic of pterosaur?
A. They hung upside down like bats before flight
B. Flew to capture prey
C. Unable to fold their wing fully at rest
D. Lived mostly in the forest
123. The elongated finger in the supported the outstretched wings.
124. The body of the pterosaurs was covered in
D. smooth skin
125. The pterosaurs flew by
A. jumping off a mountain ledge
B. pushed by wind before take off
C. jumping upwards with force
D. momentum gained by running
126. A synonym for ‘compressed’, from the passage is
127. The opposite of ‘controversial’ is
128. It can be understood from the passage that scientists believe that the
A. large wings help pterosaurs to fly great distances.
B. hollow bones showed they evolved from bats.
C. fossil remains explain how they flew.
D. pterosaurs walked on all fours.
129. Fossils often left scientists in doubt whether the pterosaur
A. ever existed at all
B. how many lived at that period
C. their size and weight
D. their shape and gender
Directions (Q. Nos. 130 to 135): Read the given passage and answer the questions that follow by selecting the most appropriate option.
1. A man found a cocoon of a butterfly. One day a small opening appeared. He sat and watched the butterfly for several hours as it struggled to force its body through that little hole. Then it seemed to stop making any progress. It appeared as if it had gotten as far as it could, and it could go no further. So the man decided to help the butterfly. He took a pair of scissors and snipped off the remaining bit of the cocoon. The butterfly then emerged easily. But it had a swollen body and small, shrivelled wings. The man continued to watch the butterfly because he expected that, at any moment, the wings would enlarge and expand to be able to support the body, which would contract in time.
2. Neither happened! In fact, the butterfly spent the rest of its life crawling around with a swollen body and shrivelled wings. It never was able to fly. What the man, in his kindness and haste, did not understand was that the restricting cocoon and the struggle required for the butterfly to get through the tiny opening were God’s way of forcing fluid from the body of the butterfly into its wings so that it would be ready for flight once it achieved its freedom from the cocoon.
130. The man’s first instinct was
A. leave the cocoon alone
B. help the butterfly
C. leave the butterfly alone
D. keep watching
131. The natural process would have the wings of the butterfly
A. unfold and stretch out .
B. fold up and remain snug
C. half open and snug against the body
D. unfold and remain stiff
132. A word that means ‘to make or become withered’ is
133. The writer’s message in his/her essay is about
A not to have any problems
B. need for struggles in life
C. escape pain at any cost
D. needless struggles in life
134. The essay is in form.
135. A man noticed that the
A. butterfly was hidden
B. cocoon was growing
C. cocoon was moving
D. butterfly was emerging