परीक्षा (Exam) : CTET Paper I (Class 1st to 5th)
भाग (Part) : Language-I English
परीक्षा आयोजक (Organized) : CBSE
कुल प्रश्न (Number of Question) : 30
Paper Set – I
परीक्षा तिथि (Exam Date) – 09th Dec 2018
Directions : Read the passage carefully to and answer the questions that follow (Q. Nos. 1 to 9) by selecting the correct/most appropriate options.
When it comes to structures that are both majestic and well-fortified, the classic European castle is the pinnacle of design. Across the ages castles changed, developed, and eventually fell out of use, but they still command the fascination of our culture.
Castles were originally built in England by Norman invaders in 1066. As William the Conqueror advanced through England, he fortified key positions to secure the land he had taken. Castles also served as bases of operation for offensive attacks. Troops were summoned to, organized around, and deployed from castles. In this way castles served both offensive and defensive roles in military operations.
Not limited to military purposes, castles also served as offices from which the lord would administer control over his fiefdom. They would address disputes, handle festivities. enjoy feast, and business, In this way castles served as important Social centres in medieval England. Castles also served as symbols of power.
The first castles constructed in England were made from earth and timber. Those who constructed them took advantage of natural features, such as hills and rivers, to increase defenses. Since these castles were constructed from wood, they were highly susceptible to attacks by fire. Wooden castles were gradually replaced by stone, which greatly increased the strength of these fortifications; however, being made from stone did not make these castles entirely fireproof. Attackers could hurl flaming objects into the castle through the windows or ignite the wooden doors.
The demise of castles can ultimately be attributed to gunpowder. During the 15th century, artillery became powerful enough to break through stone walls. This greatly undermined the military role of castles. Castles were then replaced by artillery forts that had no role in civil administration, and country houses that were indefensible. Though castles no longer serve their original purposes, remaining castles receive millions of visitors each year from those who wish to experience these majestic vestiges of a time long passed.
1. Which one of the following is not a function of castles as expressed in the passage?
(1) Castles served both offensive purposes and defensive militarily.
(2) Castles served as symbols of power.
(3) Castles were important social centres in medieval England.
(4) Castles were the places where knights would keep their best horses.
2. Which one of the following best describes the main idea in Paragraph 2 ?
(1) It describes how and why William the Conqueror took control of England.
(2) It explains why castles were first built in England and the military purposes they served.
(3) It shows how Norman lords were often scared and frequently retreated.
(4) It details all of the purposes that English castles served.
3. The original castles were first made from earth and timber because –
(1) it takes a lot more time and energy to build a stone castle
(2) it did not occur to people to build castles out of stone
(3) people did not realize how weak wooden castles would be against fire
(4) wooden castles were prettier than dirty stone castles
4. Wooden castles were converted to stone castles as –
(1) wooden castles take a long time to build
(2) wooden castles are uncomfortable
(3) stone castles offer better defense
(4) stone castles stay cooler in the summer
5. Which one of the following best explains how gunpowder was the nemesis of traditional castles?
(1) Wars were fought with guns and hiding in castles was no longer necessary.
(2) Artillery forts with large cannons became more stylish than traditional castles.
(3) Defending castles grew difficult, since attackers could just shoot castle defenders.
(4) Cannons were able to knock down stone walls, So castles offered little protection.
6. Which one of the following title would best describe the content this passage?
(1) William the Conqueror : Bringing Castles to England
(2) Defending the Castle : Technologies Used to Defend Media Castles
(3) A Short History of Castles The Rise and Fall of Castle in England
(4) Fancy Living Learning about Castles, Palaces and Fortresses
7. Which one of the following is an opinion?
(1) Stone is more resistant to fire than wood.
(2) William the Conqueror built the first castles in England.
(3) It is unfortunate that castle no longer serve their original purposes.
(4) Castles were used as office of administration during it Middle Ages.
8. Choose a word from the given options which means almost the same as the word vestiges used in the passage.
9. Choose a word which serves as the antonym of the word ‘pinnacle’